ETFs (Exchange-Traded Funds) which may be bought like shares at any moment in the course of market hours, have small expense ratios, have lower risk than single stocks, usually do not have some of the tax limitations of a routine mutual fund, do not compound investor capital, and are built so that they are much less vulnerable than “standard” mutual funds to the deceptive conduct of some traders. Although they trade like shares, they are quite similar to sector funds and index funds in the building of these portfolios.
If you are intrigued in index and sector investing or if you are just a little scared of the unpredictability of individual shares, exchange funds might be considered by you. In an everyday “open” mutual fund, investors purchase shares directly from the fund. When they need to sell shares, they are sold by them back again to the fund. Assets are in a pooled account. An ETF is truly a mutual fund that trades (and and bought is sold any time during market hours) as being a stock. Investors purchase shares from and sell shares to other investors in the same way when they were buying and selling stock. Your assets usually do not share a “pooled account” with other investors in the fund. There was number load or fee levied by an ETF when shares are purchased or sold. The only real prices for purchasing or attempting to sell are exactly the same fees that are charged for stock trades.
Index ETFs closely fit the behaviour of the respective indexes. The behavior of sector ETFs is comparable to that of no-load sector funds. The latter have a tendency to be less volatile than individual stocks (a natural result of the fact that every one has more than one stock in it) and thus would not have quite the gain/loss potential of individual stocks. Nevertheless, the sector ETFs are explosive and more competitive than fully diversified funds and have greater potential for profit or loss than those funds do as a result of their narrower focus. Though they usually do not have quite exactly the same potential as individual stocks, they also have less risk and their potential for profit is still very attractive.
Though many mutual funds are managed similarly throughout “logical” marketplaces, ETFs have a possible advantage when investors are suddenly overcome by anxiety. These funds would not have to liquidate portfolio positions as shares are redeemed by shareholders. Consequently, ETFs are better situated to ride out a wave of selling without incurring damage to the arrangement of their portfolios (it’s also perhaps not required for supervisors to keep substantial quantities of cash available to satisfy the possible redemptions of scared investors). Moreover, because they are traded on an exchange like ordinary stock, they can not be influenced by the dishonest conduct of other investors in the same pooled account as can be done generally in most ordinary mutual funds nor by specific treatment given to a couple at the expense of the many. ETFs are also not susceptible to the type of market timing that once darkened the reputations of so many mutual funds. Like conventional open – end mutual funds, their earnings are distributed by ETFs to investors in two ways. First, income dividends from interest or stock dividends are passed right through to investors, net of expenses. 2nd, realized capital gains distributions (net of realized capital losses) are passed right through to investors–normally one per year in November or December.